What does civil engineer deals with


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For a detailed breakdown of what civil engineering graduates are doing six months after graduation, see What Do Graduates Do? All rights reserved. Jobs and work experience Postgraduate study Careers advice Applying for university. Search graduate jobs Job profiles Work experience and internships Employer profiles What job would suit me?

Civil engineering

Job sectors Apprenticeships Working abroad Gap year Self-employment. Search postgraduate courses Funding postgraduate study Universities and departments Study abroad Conversion courses Law qualifications. What can I do with my degree? Getting a job CVs and cover letters. Applying for jobs Interview tips Open days and events. Choosing a course Getting into university Student loans and finance. University life Changing or leaving your course Alternatives to university.

Jobs and work experience Search graduate jobs Job profiles Work experience and internships Employer profiles What job would suit me? Getting a job CVs and cover letters Applying for jobs Interview tips Open days and events Applying for university Choosing a course Getting into university Student loans and finance University life Changing or leaving your course Alternatives to university Post a job. A civil engineering degree prepares you for work in the construction industry as well as in the business, management and financial sectors Job options Jobs directly related to your degree include: Building control surveyor CAD technician Consulting civil engineer Contracting civil engineer Design engineer Nuclear engineer Site engineer Structural engineer Water engineer Jobs where your degree would be useful include: Building services engineer Construction manager Engineering geologist Environmental consultant Geotechnical engineer Patent attorney Quantity surveyor Sustainability consultant Urban designer Remember that many employers accept applications from graduates with any degree subject, so don't restrict your thinking to the jobs listed here.

Work experience Securing some kind of work experience is crucial. Typical employers As a qualified civil engineer you can find work in a range of sectors, particularly in the construction sector, on buildings and large structures of all kinds, transport and communications infrastructure. Skills for your CV A degree in civil engineering develops highly sought after technical skills and a sound knowledge of the subject.

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Transferable skills gained on a civil engineering course, include: creative approach to problem-solving critical thinking skills ability to interpret data numeracy, IT and communication skills analytical and decision-making abilities an awareness of ethical issues. Further study Most new graduates who enter professional training with a civil engineering company continue to study part time while working, in order to achieve either chartered CEng or incorporated IEng engineers status. What do civil engineering graduates do? Destination Percentage Employed Type of work Percentage Engineering and building Back to top.

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Civil engineer: job description

Employer advertising. University packages. Construction engineers manage construction projects, ensuring that they are scheduled and built in accordance with plans and specifications. These engineers typically are responsible for the design and safety of temporary structures used during construction.

They may also oversee budgetary, time-management, and communications aspects of a project.

Civil Engineers: Jobs, Career, Salary and Education Information

Geotechnical engineers work to make sure that foundations for built objects ranging from streets and buildings to runways and dams, are solid. They focus on how structures built by civil engineers, such as buildings and tunnels, interact with the earth including soil and rock.


  1. So what does a civil engineer do, exactly?!
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  4. In addition, they design and plan for slopes, retaining walls, and tunnels. Structural engineers design and assess major projects, such as buildings, bridges, or dams, to ensure their strength and durability. Transportation engineers plan, design, operate, and maintain everyday systems, such as streets and highways, but they also plan larger projects, such as airports, ship ports, mass transit systems, and harbors. The work of civil engineers is closely related to the work of environmental engineers. Civil engineers hold about , jobs. The largest employers of civil engineers are as follows:.

    Civil engineers work in a variety of locations and conditions.

    When working on designs, civil engineers may spend most of their time indoors in offices. However, construction engineers may spend much of their time outdoors at construction sites monitoring operations or solving onsite problems. Some jobs may require frequent relocation to different areas and offices in jobsite trailers. Civil engineers who function as project managers may work from cars or trucks as they move from site to site.

    Many civil engineers work for government agencies in government office buildings or facilities. Occasionally, civil engineers travel abroad to work on large engineering projects in other countries. Civil engineers typically work full time, and about 3 in 10 work more than 40 hours per week. Engineers who direct projects may need to work extra hours to monitor progress on the projects, to ensure that designs meet requirements, and to guarantee that deadlines are met.

    Get the education you need: Find schools for Civil Engineers near you! Civil engineers need a bachelor's degree. They typically need a graduate degree and a license for promotion to senior positions. Although licensure requirements vary from state to state, civil engineers usually must be licensed if they provide services directly to the public. Civil engineers need a bachelor's degree in civil engineering, in one of its specialties, or in civil engineering technology. Programs in civil engineering and civil engineering technology include coursework in math, statistics, engineering mechanics and systems, and fluid dynamics, depending on the specialty.

    Courses include a mix of traditional classroom learning, work in laboratories, and fieldwork. Programs may include cooperative programs, also known as co-ops, in which students gain work experience while pursuing a degree. In many states, a bachelor's degree in civil engineering technology also meets the academic requirement for obtaining a license.

    Further education after the bachelor's degree, along with the PE license and previous experience, is helpful in getting a job as a manager. For more information on engineering managers, see the profile on architectural and engineering managers. Decisionmaking skills.

    What do civil engineers do?

    Civil engineers often balance multiple and frequently conflicting objectives, such as determining the feasibility of plans with regard to financial costs and safety concerns. Urban and regional planners often look to civil engineers for advice on these issues. Civil engineers must be able to make good decisions based on best practices, their own technical knowledge, and their own experience. Leadership skills.

    Civil engineers take ultimate responsibility for the projects that they manage or research that they perform. Therefore, they must be able to lead planners, surveyors, construction managers, civil engineering technicians, civil engineering technologists, and others in implementing their project plan. Math skills. Civil engineers use the principles of calculus, trigonometry, and other advanced topics in mathematics for analysis, design, and troubleshooting in their work. Organizational skills. Only licensed civil engineers can sign the design documents for infrastructure projects.

    This requirement makes it imperative that civil engineers be able to monitor and evaluate the work at the jobsite as a project progresses. That way, they can ensure compliance with the design documents. Civil engineers also often manage several projects at the same time, and thus must be able to balance time needs and to effectively allocate resources.

    Problem-solving skills. Civil engineers work at the highest level of the planning, design, construction, and operation of multifaceted projects or research. The many variables involved require that they possess the ability to identify and evaluate complex problems.


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    They must be able to then use their skill and training to develop cost-effective, safe, and efficient solutions. Speaking skills. Civil engineers must present reports and plans to audiences of people with a wide range of backgrounds and technical knowledge. This requires the ability to speak clearly and to converse with people in various settings, and to translate engineering and scientific information into easy-to-understand concepts.

    Writing skills. Civil engineers must be able to communicate with others, such as architects, landscape architects, urban and regional planners. They also must be able to explain projects to elected officials and citizens. Civil engineers must be able to write reports that are clear, concise, and understandable to those with little or no technical or scientific background. Licensure is not required for entry-level positions as a civil engineer.

    A Professional Engineering PE license, which allows for higher levels of leadership and independence, can be acquired later in one's career. Licensed engineers are called professional engineers PEs. A PE can oversee the work of other engineers, approve design plans, sign off on projects, and provide services directly to the public.

    State licensure generally requires. The initial FE exam can be taken after earning a bachelor's degree. Each state issues its own licenses. Most states recognize licensure from other states, as long as the licensing state's requirements meet or exceed their own licensure requirements. Several states require continuing education for engineers to keep their licenses.

    The American Society of Civil Engineers offers certifications in coastal engineering, geotechnical engineering, ports engineering, water resources engineering, and other fields. Additionally, civil engineers can become certified in building security and in sustainability. During high school, students can attend engineering summer camps to see what these and other engineers do. Attending these camps can help students plan their coursework for the remainder of their time in high school.

    Civil engineers with ample experience may move into senior positions, such as project managers or functional managers of design, construction, operation, or maintenance. However, they would first need to obtain the Professional Engineering PE license, because only licensed engineers can assume responsibilities for public projects. After gaining licensure, a professional engineer may seek credentialing that demonstrates his or her expertise in a civil engineering specialty.